Dr. Murtuza Rangwala

Tennis Elbow: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Treatments


Tennis elbow, medically known as lateral epicondylitis, is a common and painful condition that can affect people from all walks of life, not just tennis players. In this blog, we’ll delve into the causes, symptoms, and effective treatments for tennis elbow, so you can better understand and manage this condition.

Understanding Tennis Elbow: Tennis elbow is an overuse injury that primarily affects the tendons on the outer part of the elbow. It’s typically caused by repetitive motions and gripping activities, such as those found in racquet sports, manual labor, or even constant computer use. Despite its name, tennis elbow isn’t limited to athletes and can occur in anyone who engages in these activities frequently.

Recognizing the Symptoms: The hallmark symptom of tennis elbow is pain and tenderness on the outer side of the elbow. This discomfort can range from mild to severe and may extend down the forearm. Other common symptoms include a weakened grip, difficulty with wrist movements, and increased pain when lifting or gripping objects.

Diagnosis: If you suspect you have tennis elbow, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional. They will perform a physical examination, inquire about your activities, and may order imaging tests like X-rays or MRI scans to rule out other conditions. An accurate diagnosis is crucial for developing an effective treatment plan.

Effective Treatments: The good news is that tennis elbow is treatable, and most people can find relief without resorting to surgery. Here are some effective treatments and strategies:

  • Rest: Give your elbow a break from the activities that aggravate the condition. Avoid repetitive gripping motions to allow the affected tendons to heal.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can teach you exercises to strengthen the forearm muscles and improve flexibility. These exercises can help alleviate pain and prevent future occurrences.
  • Bracing or Splinting: Wearing a brace or splint can provide support to the affected area and reduce strain during activities.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, may help reduce pain and inflammation. Your healthcare provider may also recommend steroid injections for more severe cases.
  • Ultrasound Therapy: Some people find relief from ultrasound therapy, a non-invasive treatment that can promote healing in the affected tendons.
  • Surgery (in severe cases): Surgical intervention is usually considered a last resort when other treatments haven’t been effective. It involves removing damaged tissue and repairing the tendon.

Preventing Tennis Elbow: Prevention is always better than cure. To reduce your risk of developing tennis elbow, consider the following tips:

  • Use proper technique and equipment in sports and daily activities.
  • Warm up and stretch before engaging in repetitive gripping tasks.
  • Take frequent breaks to rest your arms during repetitive activities.
  • Strengthen your forearm muscles through regular exercise.
  • If you start to experience symptoms, don’t ignore them. Seek early treatment to prevent the condition from worsening.

In conclusion, tennis elbow is a common condition that can be both painful and limiting, but with the right treatment and prevention strategies, you can manage it effectively. If you’re experiencing symptoms or have concerns about your elbow health, don’t hesitate to consult a healthcare professional for guidance and support on your journey to recovery.