Dr. Murtuza Rangwala

Brain Stroke: What Is It? 


Brain stroke happens when the blood supply to the brain is blocked. When the blood supply is blocked, the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients, and brain cells start to die.  

A stroke is a medical emergency because it can lead to death or permanent disability if not treated early.  

Every 3 people suffer from brain stroke every minute. 

Types of Brain Strokes 

2 types of strokes are: 

  • Ischaemic Stroke: Results from a blockage or clot in a blood vessel that supplies your brain 
  • Hemorrhagic Stroke: Occurs due to the rupture of weak blood vessels. 

Spot a Brain Stroke by These 6 Signs 

  • Blurred or double vision 
  • Difficulty in speaking and confusion 
  • Trouble walking and balancing 
  • Altered Consciousness 
  • Numbness in some parts of the face, arm, and leg (Mostly one side) 
  • Sudden headache and vomiting 

Seek medical help immediately if you notice any of these signs! 

Risk Factors for Brain Stroke 

Many risk factors for brain stroke are related to a poor lifestyle, such as: 

  • Obesity 
  • Chronic Alcoholism 
  • Addictive drug abuse like cocaine 
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol 
  • Smoking 
  • Sleep Disorders 
  • Heart Diseases 

Depending on your risk factors, your doctor may advise medications to prevent brain stroke. 

Diagnosis of Brain Stroke 

To diagnose the stroke, the doctor performs the following investigations once the patient reaches the hospital  

  • Physical and Neurological Examination 
  • Blood Tests 
  • CT Scan 
  • MRI Scan 
  • Carotid Ultrasound (To Monitor Blood Flow) 
  • Cerebral Angiogram (To Find Blockages) 
  • ECG 

Time is very precious while diagnosing and treating a stroke. 

Prevention of Brain Stroke 

Few lifestyle modifications can help to prevent stroke, like: 

  • Controlling Blood pressure, Diabetes, and Cholesterol 
  • Healthy Diet 
  • Regular physical activity 
  • Quitting Smoking 
  • Managing Stress 

These measures are equally important to patients who have already had a stroke to prevent another stroke in the future. 

Treatment for Brain Stroke  

Treatment options include: 

  • Stents 
  • Surgery 
  • Medications 

The possibility of avoiding permanent damage increases with the speed of emergency care. 

Rehabilitation After a Brain Stroke 

Rehabilitation depends on the extent and part of the damage to your brain.   

You may need rehabilitation or corrective measures to help with 

  • Coordination 
  • Balance 
  • Vision 
  • Bowel or Bladder Control 
  • Speech 
  • Swallowing 
  • Fine motor activities, such as writing or drawing. 

Rehab helps you to restore optimal health, functioning, and well-being.